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Bonding is the application of a tooth-coloured composite resin (plastic) to repair a decayed, chipped, fractured or discoloured tooth. Unlike veneers, which are manufactured in a laboratory, bonding can be done in a single visit. The procedure is called bonding because of the material bonds to the tooth.
What is composite bonding?
As the name suggests, composite bonding in the use of composite material that is then bonded to teeth in order to reshape, rebuild, or fill damaged teeth. It is an very simple cosmetic procedure, but it also has a huge amount of potential for different kinds of repairs. By bonding composite materials to the teeth, dentists are able to shape certain teeth to their original appearance – including matching the colour to your existing teeth.
What is the treatment process?
The treatment itself is very simple, and it can normally be done in just one simple appointment with your dentist. It requires your dentist to first match the colour of the composite resin with the rest of your teeth. This will ensure that the smile will be consistent and look as natural as possible.
The surface of the tooth will then be roughened and coated with a bonding agent, on which the resin will adhere to. The resin will then be placed onto the area required and moulded into the correct shape. The last touches will consist of curing the composite resin and refining the tooth further.
Why would I need composite bonding?
What makes composite bonding such a requested treatment for many patients is its effectiveness for resolving a variety of cosmetic dental issues. There are alternatives out there, such as veneers and crowns, but composite bonding can benefit patients because it is a much simpler and much more cost-effective solution to those other treatments.
A patient may want to look more into composite bonding if they are struggling with chipped teeth, fractures, or other cosmetic improvement to the teeth. It is likely, if the damage is minor and easily fixed, that your dentist will recommend this treatment over more expensive treatments. Dental bonding can also be used to match the colour of certain teeth with the colour of your other teeth (i.e. if you had one or more particularly discoloured teeth).
What are the advantages?
Many patients will be limited with the amount they can spend and may, also, want to avoid any invasive treatments. With veneers and crowns, there is a level of invasion that a patient will need to be aware of. For example, parts of the teeth will need to be permanently removed in order to get these treatments. This is not the case for bonding treatment, as the structure of the permanent teeth will remain intact and only the composite material will be refined once it is hardened onto the tooth.