Tooth Pain Symptoms & Causes

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Why do teeth become sensitive?

Tooth Pain Symptoms & Causes

Tooth pain is something almost everyone has experienced to some degree – from minor aches and sensitivity to acute pain.

In general, the sensation of pain is a protective response that tells the body something is wrong. The cause of tooth pain is usually from a reaction of nerves inside a tooth’s pulp chamber.

So what is tooth pain signalling, and what should you do about it?

The two major common causes of tooth pain are dentine hypersensitivity or inflammation of the pulp. Dentine hypersensitivity is a sharp, short-lasting dental pain occurring in about 15% of the population triggered by cold, sweet or hot foods.

Pulpitis (inflammation of the pulp) can be triggered by various factors, including mechanical, thermal, chemical, and bacterial irritants. Common causes include tooth decay, dental trauma, or a filling with an imperfect seal. It’s a good idea to see your dentist to diagnose the problem before the pain worsens.

What treatments are available for tooth pain?

Many treatments for dentine hypersensitivity are available, including fluoride-containing toothpaste made for sensitive teeth, protective varnishes that coat the exposed dentine surface and the use of a soft toothbrush and very gentle cleaning at the gum line.

If the cause of the pain is tooth decay, it can be cleaned out by the dentist. Infected pulp tissue will most likely require root canal treatment. This involves removing the infected pulp and putting a special filling which seals the tooth to prevent reinfection.

How can you avoid tooth pain?

The best way to avoid getting toothache is to keep on top of your gums and teeth as healthy as you can. The best way to do this is to place a limit on your sugar intake to meal times only. You should also make every effort to brush your teeth twice a day using toothpaste with fluoride in it. If you smoke then try to quit. Last but not least, make sure you go and see your dentist at least every six months!


Unsure about your dental health? Call your nearest Synergy Dental Clinic and we’ll be happy to help.

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