Root Canal Treatment

What is root canal treatment?

Root canal treatment is part of an area of dentistry known as endodontics, which deals with the nerves of the tooth. The treatment is required when the nerves within a tooth becomes infected or die, often leading to severe pain. Having greatly evolved over a number of years, root canal procedures can now save teeth without the need for extraction.

root canal treatmentWhen the pulp, or nerves within the tooth, becomes inflamed it must be removed and replaced with root filling material to prevent infection spreading or entering through the tooth. This also prevents an abscess from forming around the root of the tooth, which can lead to infection and possible tooth extraction as a means of treatment.

Although safe, the procedure can lead to a weakening of the tooth’s structure and leave it fragile. As such, your dentist may suggest you have a crown fitted onto the tooth in order to prevent damage and protect the tooth from further infection. This can be done as part of the process.

The treatment process

Step 1: The first step in the treatment is the consultation stage, which will be used to evaluate the tooth and ensure that endodontics will be the most effective treatment method. This stage may include dental x-rays, from which your dentist will assess the root structure of the tooth.

Step 2: On the day of the treatment, your dentist will begin by using a local anaesthetic to numb the area, before placing a dental dam over the tooth to protect your airway during the treatment. The anaesthetic should prevent pain throughout the procedure.

endodontic treatmentStep 3: Any filling in the tooth will then be detached and drill used to expose the diseased nerve, which will be removed. Your dentist can now thoroughly clean the root canals and will often fill them with a temporary filling until the procedure is ready to be completed a few days later.

Step 4: When you return for your next appointment, the temporary filling will be replaced by a root filling. A tooth filling will then be placed into your tooth to provide protection. If extra protection is required, the crown or inlay will be fitted onto the remaining tooth.

Once the treatment is completed, it is unlikely that the pain will return. However, if your immune system does not respond to the treatment, then it may be necessary to extract the tooth. Extraction is also an alternative for those wishing to avoid this treatment.

Synergy root canal prices

The cost of the treatment depends on the number of nerves (canals) in the tooth. An incisor/canine tooth has 1 canal, a premolar tooth has 1 or 2 canals and a molar tooth has 3 or 4 canals. Root canal treatment in each nerve costs £100.

By Dr Zuber Bagasi

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